- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Now?
- Salience, State, and Expression: The Influence of Specific Aspects of Emotion on Attention and Perception
- Emotion: Generation or Construction?
- The Neuroscience of Emotion Regulation: Basic Mechanisms and Their Role in Development, Aging, and Psychopathology
- The Impact of Emotion on Cognition
- Genetics and Emotion
- Visceromotor Sensation and Control
- Development of Emotion and Social Reasoning in Adolescence
- Perception of Nonverbal Cues
- Face Recognition
- The Cognitive and Neural Basis of Impression Formation
- Theory of Mind: How Brains Think about Thoughts
- The Pleasures and Pains of Social Interactions: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neural Underpinnings of the Experience of Empathy: Lessons for Psychopathy
- Mirror Neurons and the Perception–Action Link
- The Early Development of the Brain Bases for Social Cognition
- Conflict Monitoring and Cognitive Control
- Hierarchical Cognitive Control and the Functional Organization of the Frontal Cortex
- Decision Neuroscience
- Expectancies and Beliefs: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Numerical Cognition
- Psychopharmacology of Cognition
- Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia Considered from a Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neurobiology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Epilogue to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Going?
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses on the influence of emotion on cognitive processes, and underlying neural mechanisms. The influence of three aspects of emotional processing on perception and attention is discussed. First, literature on enhanced attention to emotionally arousing stimuli is reviewed. Addressed are the ongoing controversies about the relative automaticity of this “motivated attention” as well as those about its neural substrates, individual differences, and developmental changes. Next, evidence is presented that production of some facial expressions serves to enhance, and others to reduce, incoming sensory information. The chapter also reviews studies that investigate how sustained emotional states influence the nature and scope of selective attention. In particular, the role of positive affect in broadening attention by “unbiasing” competition for perceptual processing is addressed. Finally, findings are presented in relation to a view of the amygdala as a key hub linking cognitive and emotional process via allocation of bodily and cognitive resources.
Rebecca M. Todd, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Adam K. Anderson, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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