- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Now?
- Salience, State, and Expression: The Influence of Specific Aspects of Emotion on Attention and Perception
- Emotion: Generation or Construction?
- The Neuroscience of Emotion Regulation: Basic Mechanisms and Their Role in Development, Aging, and Psychopathology
- The Impact of Emotion on Cognition
- Genetics and Emotion
- Visceromotor Sensation and Control
- Development of Emotion and Social Reasoning in Adolescence
- Perception of Nonverbal Cues
- Face Recognition
- The Cognitive and Neural Basis of Impression Formation
- Theory of Mind: How Brains Think about Thoughts
- The Pleasures and Pains of Social Interactions: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neural Underpinnings of the Experience of Empathy: Lessons for Psychopathy
- Mirror Neurons and the Perception–Action Link
- The Early Development of the Brain Bases for Social Cognition
- Conflict Monitoring and Cognitive Control
- Hierarchical Cognitive Control and the Functional Organization of the Frontal Cortex
- Decision Neuroscience
- Expectancies and Beliefs: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Numerical Cognition
- Psychopharmacology of Cognition
- Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia Considered from a Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neurobiology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Epilogue to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Going?
Abstract and Keywords
In this chapter the neuroscientific basis and clinical rationale of cognitive psychopharmacology are reviewed. Effects of drugs in humans and animals are surveyed on different forms of memory and a number of aspects of executive function, including attention, working memory, cognitive flexibility, and response inhibition. The main drug classes covered include the benzodiazepines and the stimulants, but their cognitive effects are mainly analyzed in terms of their neurochemical modes of action, for example, at GABAergic, glutamatergic, monoaminergic, or cholinergic receptors, and in relation to their neuroanatomical sites. Particular attention is paid to cognitive-enhancing drugs and their prospects. The main factors determining the benefits and costs of drugs on cognitive performance are identified. The utility of psychopharmacology in dissecting cognitive processes is also considered.
TW Robbins, Department of Experimental Psychology, Behavioral and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
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