- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Now?
- Salience, State, and Expression: The Influence of Specific Aspects of Emotion on Attention and Perception
- Emotion: Generation or Construction?
- The Neuroscience of Emotion Regulation: Basic Mechanisms and Their Role in Development, Aging, and Psychopathology
- The Impact of Emotion on Cognition
- Genetics and Emotion
- Visceromotor Sensation and Control
- Development of Emotion and Social Reasoning in Adolescence
- Perception of Nonverbal Cues
- Face Recognition
- The Cognitive and Neural Basis of Impression Formation
- Theory of Mind: How Brains Think about Thoughts
- The Pleasures and Pains of Social Interactions: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neural Underpinnings of the Experience of Empathy: Lessons for Psychopathy
- Mirror Neurons and the Perception–Action Link
- The Early Development of the Brain Bases for Social Cognition
- Conflict Monitoring and Cognitive Control
- Hierarchical Cognitive Control and the Functional Organization of the Frontal Cortex
- Decision Neuroscience
- Expectancies and Beliefs: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Numerical Cognition
- Psychopharmacology of Cognition
- Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia Considered from a Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neurobiology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Epilogue to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Going?
Abstract and Keywords
Facial recognition is generally regarded as being unique and distinct from object recognition; however, it may be possible to increase our understanding of it by framing it within the context of object recognition. Facial recognition can be viewed as a form of expert object recognition. Just as individuation can lead to holistic processing and specialization of the mechanisms for face recognition, the same behavioral and neural hallmarks of expertise are seen when individuation training is applied to novel objects. This chapter discusses how faces need to be compared to more than one object category at a time and how learning studies in non-face domains have advanced our understanding of the processes involved in face recognition. The chapter closes with a discussion of some challenges for ongoing research in this area, which have to do with brain behavior relationships, understanding the links between learning and development, and the need for computational models of expertise.
Rankin W. McGugin, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
Isabel Gauthier, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
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