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date: 08 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Over the past two decades, cognitive neuroscientists have begun to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying number processing using cutting-edge neuroimaging methods. These investigations have allowed researchers to map out brain regions that appear to be fundamental to our ability to represent and process numerical magnitude. They have addressed questions concerning the overlap between the processing of numerical and non-numerical magnitude, and the relationship between processing numerical magnitude and numerical order. Moreover, questions regarding the shared and dissociated neuronal correlates of symbolic (e.g., Arabic numerals) and nonsymbolic (e.g. arrays of dots) number processing have received much attention. Beyond these investigations, studies have also been conducted to map out the correlates of the typical and atypical development of number processing. This chapter provides an overview of these developments and critically discusses some of the key questions that are the focus of current research in the cognitive neuroscience of numerical cognition. The chapter concludes with a discussion of some of the open questions in this relatively new subdiscipline of cognitive neuroscience.

Keywords: cognitive neuroscience, numerical cognition, numerical magnitude, numerical order, number processing, brain regions, neuroimaging

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