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date: 18 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Spoken language can be understood through different sensory modalities. Audition, vision, and haptic perception each can transduce speech information from a talker as a single channel of information. The more natural context for communication is for language to be perceived through multiple modalities and for multimodal integration to occur. This chapter reviews the sensory information provided by talkers and the constraints on multimodal information processing. The information generated during speech comes from a common source, the moving vocal tract, and thus shows significant correlations across modalities. In addition, the modalities provide complementary information for the perceiver. For example, the place of articulation of speech sounds is conveyed more robustly by vision. These factors explain the fact that multisensory speech perception is more robust and accurate than unisensory perception. The neural networks responsible for this perceptual activity are diverse and still not well understood.

Keywords: sensory modalities, spoken language, multisensory speech perception

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