- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience—Where Are We Now?
- Representation of Objects
- Representation of Spatial Relations
- Top-Down Effects in Visual Perception
- Neural Underpinning of Object Mental Imagery, Spatial Imagery, and Motor Imagery
- Looking at the Nose Through Human Behavior, and at Human Behavior Through the Nose
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Music
- Neural Correlates of the Development of Speech Perception and Comprehension
- Perceptual Disorders
- Varieties of Auditory Attention
- Spatial Attention
- Attention and Action
- Visual Control of Action
- Development of Attention
- Attentional Disorders
- Semantic Memory
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Episodic Memory
- Working Memory
- Motor Skill Learning
- Memory Consolidation
- Age-Related Decline in Working Memory and Episodic Memory Contributions of the Prefrontal Cortex and Medial Temporal Lobes
- Memory Disorders
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Written Language: Neural Substrates of Reading and Writing
- Neural Systems Underlying Speech Perception
- Multimodal Speech Perception
- Organization of Conceptual Knowledge of Objects in the Human Brain
- A Parallel Architecture Model of Language Processing
- Epilogue to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience—Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Going?
Abstract and Keywords
Memory is one of the cognitive functions that deteriorate most with age. The types of memory most affected by aging are working memory, the short-term memory maintenance and simultaneous manipulation of information, and episodic memory, our memory for personally experienced past events. Functional neuroimaging studies indicate important roles in age-related memory decline for the medial temporal lobe (MTL) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) regions, which have been linked to two major cognitive aging theories, the resource and binding deficit hypotheses, respectively. Interestingly, functional neuroimaging findings also indicate that aging is not exclusively associated with decline. Some older adults seem to deal with PFC and MTL decline by shifting to alternative brain resources that can compensate for their memory deficits. In the future, these findings may help to distinguish normal aging from early Alzheimer’s dementia and the development of memory remediation therapies.
Sander Daselaar, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC
Roberto Cabeza is professor at the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience and a core member at the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University.
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