- The Oxford Handbook of Reproductive Ethics
- Biographical Sketches
- The Discursive Context of Reproductive Ethics
- Access to Basic Reproductive Rights: Global Challenges
- Constructing the Abortion Argument
- Victims of Trafficking, Reproductive Rights, and Asylum
- The Commodification of Women’s Reproductive Tissue and Services
- Twenty-First-Century Eugenics
- Procreative Rights in a Postcoital World
- Reproduction as a Civil Right
- Conscientious Objection in Reproductive Health
- The Role of Providers in Assisted Reproduction: Potential Conflicts, Professional Conscience, and Personal Choice
- Ethical Issues in Newborn Screening
- How We Acquire Parental Rights
- Mothers and Others: Relational Autonomy in Parenting
- Procreators’ Duties: Sexual Asymmetries
- Reproductive Control for Men: For Men?
- Societal Disregard for the Needs of the Infertile
- Is Surrogacy Ethically Problematic?
- Parents with Disabilities
- Late-in-Life Motherhood: Ethico-Legal Perspectives on the Postponement of Childbearing and Access to Artificial Reproductive Technologies
- Justice, Procreation, and the Costs of Having and Raising Disabled Children
- Ethical Issues in the Evolving Realm of Egg Donation
- Sperm and Egg Donor Anonymity: Legal and Ethical Issues
- Who Am I When I’m Pregnant?
- Contemplating the Start of Someone
- The Possibility of Being Harmed by One’s Own Conception
- Understanding Procreative Beneficence
- Opting for Twins in In Vitro Fertilization: What Does Procreative Responsibility Require?
- Procreative Responsibility in View of What Parents Owe Their Children
Abstract and Keywords
Commercial surrogacy is widely criticized as exploitive, as baby selling, or as even trafficking in persons. Less well-explored questions concern whether surrogacy is problematic in itself, a form of bodily labor that it is impermissible for one person to perform for another. This chapter argues first that grounds advanced for judging surrogacy as impermissible bodily labor sweep too broadly. It then rejects claims that surrogacy impermissibly burdens the autonomy of the pregnant woman or the intended female parent, that surrogacy wrongly devalues the child-to-be, or that surrogacy disrespects the parent–child relationship. With appropriate protections against exploitation and coercion, both commercial surrogacy and altruistic surrogacy are ethically appropriate.
Leslie Francis, PhD, Professor and Chair, Department of Philosophy, University of Utah
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