- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment
- List of Contributors
- The Imprisonment Boom of the Late Twentieth Century: Past, Present, and Future
- Who Goes to Prison?
- Mass Incarceration and Conditions of Confinement
- Exploring Imprisonment across Cross-National Contexts
- Theories of Mass Incarceration
- Subcultural Adaptations to Incarceration
- The Real Gangbanging Is in Prison
- Women in Prison
- Impact of Incarceration on Families and Communities
- The Two Cultures: Correctional Officers and Key Differences in Institutional Climate
- Measuring and Explaining Inmate Misconduct
- Prison Riots
- Drugs and Prisons
- A General Model of Harm in Correctional Settings
- Understanding the Contours of Prison Disciplinary Procedures
- The Effects of Administrative Segregation: A Lesson in Knowledge Cumulation
- A Comparison of British and American Policies for Managing Dangerous Prisoners: A Question of Legitimacy
- Adult Offender Assessment and Classification in Custodial Settings
- Principles of Effective Intervention with Incarcerated Offenders
- Employment and Vocation Programs in Prison
- Treating Sex Offenders in Prison
- The Multiple Faces of Reentry
- Implementing Prison-based Treatment Programs
- Preventing Suicide in Detention and Correctional Facilities
- Offenders with Mental Illness in Prison
- The Problem of Incarcerating Juveniles with Adults
- The Effect of Prisons on Crime
- Private Prisons in a New Environment
- Policy and Program Innovations in Prisons
- Useful versus Harmful Prison Policies
Abstract and Keywords
This essay reviews the evolution of US procedures for detecting and investigating crimes and other rule infractions committed by inmates during confinement, their apprehension, determination of guilt, and opportunities for appeal. Special attention is paid to due process considerations and how these procedures have evolved since the inmate rights movement. The importance and effectiveness of disciplinary review boards are discussed. Possible biases in these procedures and inmates’ perceptions of bias are also considered in terms of how they might influence cynicism toward legal authority. An overview of possible sanctions imposed upon determinations of guilt is provided along with discussion of how these sanctions vary across facilities based on crowding and other resource constraints.
James Marquart PhD, is Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs at Lamar University. One of the nation’s leading experts on prison systems, Dr. Marquart’s extensive academic record includes more than $2 million in funded research activity, 50 presentations, more than 60 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, and 7 books. Research and teaching interests include prison organizations, capital punishment, and criminal justice policy. Previous professional activities include service as president of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and selection as an academic fellow for the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He has received the 2005 Bruce Smith Senior Award from the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, the Leverhulme Visiting Professorship in 1998 from Queen Mary and Westfield College-University of London, the American Library Association’s Outstanding Book Award for 1995, and the ACJS Outstanding Book Award in 1991.
Chad Trulson PhD, is Professor of Criminal Justice in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of North Texas. Dr. Trulson has worked in various positions in juvenile justice such as a juvenile resident counselor, juvenile detention officer, and a juvenile parole officer. He has published numerous articles in leading criminal justice journals has published four books: Juvenile Justice: System, Process, and Law (Cengage, 2006), First Available Cell: Desegregation of the Texas Prison System (University of Texas Press, 2009), Applied Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology (McGraw-Hill, 2013), and Lost Causes: Blended Sentencing, Second Chances, and the Texas Youth Commission (University of Texas Press, 2016). He also serves as Editor-in-Chief of the highly ranked journal Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice (SAGE).
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