- Copyright Page
- Introduction: What Is Japanese Philosophy?
- Prince Shōtoku’s <i>Constitution</i> and the Synthetic Nature of Japanese Thought
- Philosophical Implications of Shintō
- National Learning: Poetic Emotionalism and Nostalgic Nationalism
- Saichō’s Tendai: In the Middle of Form and Emptiness
- Kūkai’s Shingon: Embodiment of Emptiness
- Philosophical Dimensions of Shinran’s Pure Land Buddhist Path
- Modern Pure Land Thinkers: Kiyozawa Manshi and Soga Ryōjin
- The Philosophy of Zen Master Dōgen: Egoless Perspectivism
- Dōgen on the Language of Creative Textual Hermeneutics
- Rinzai Zen Kōan Training: Philosophical Intersections
- Modern Zen Thinkers: D. T. Suzuki, Hisamatsu Shin’ichi, and Masao Abe
- Japanese Neo-Confucian Philosophy
- Ancient Learning: The Japanese Revival of Classical Confucianism
- <i>Bushidō</i> and Philosophy: Parting the Clouds, Seeking the Way
- The Japanese Encounter with and Appropriation of Western Philosophy
- The Kyoto School: Transformations Over Three Generations
- The Development of Nishida Kitarō’s Philosophy: Pure Experience, Place, Action-Intuition
- Nishida Kitarō’s Philosophy: Self, World, and the Nothingness Underlying Distinctions
- The Place of God in the Philosophy of Tanabe Hajime
- Miki Kiyoshi: Marxism, Humanism, and the Power of Imagination
- Nishitani Keiji: Practicing Philosophy as a Matter of Life and Death
- Ueda ShizuteruThe Self That Is Not a Self in a Twofold World
- Watsuji Tetsurō: The Mutuality of Climate and Culture and an Ethics of Betweenness
- Kuki Shūzō: A Phenomenology of Fate and Chance and an Aesthetics of the Floating World
- Comparative Philosophy in Japan: Nakamura Hajime and Izutsu Toshihiko
- Japanese Christian Philosophies
- Yuasa Yasuo’s Philosophy of Self-Cultivation: A Theory of Embodiment
- Postwar Japanese Political Philosophy: Marxism, Liberalism, and the Quest for Autonomy
- Raichō: Zen and the Female Body in the Development of Japanese Feminist Philosophy
- Japanese Phenomenology
- The Komaba Quartet: A Landscape of Japanese Philosophy in the 1970s
- Philosophical Implications of the Japanese Language
- Natural Freedom: Human/Nature Nondualism in Zen and Japanese Thought
- Japanese Ethics
- Japanese (and Ainu) Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art
- The Controversial Cultural Identity of Japanese Philosophy
Abstract and Keywords
In this chapter, the authors aim to provide an introduction to the Kyoto School of modern Japanese philosophy. The chapter begins with a historical overview of the formation of various images of the School. It then briefly examines the controversial political engagements of members of the School during the Pacific War. The central sections of the chapter introduce the main figures and ideas of the first, second, and third generations of the School. The chapter concludes with some reflections on how the School may contribute to a contemporary philosophical critique of technology and to a renewed dialogue between Eastern and Western traditions.
Ōhashi Ryōsuke is a contemporary Japanese philosopher working in the lineage of the Kyoto School. After graduating from Kyoto University, he went on to receive his doctorate and later Habilitation from universities in Germany. He held several professorships in Japan, most recently at Osaka University and Ryūkoku University, and was a guest professor at several universities in Germany and Austria. Currently he is Director of the Japanese-German Cultural Institute in Kyoto. He is the author of numerous books on philosophy and aesthetics, including Ekstase und Gelassenheit: Zu Schelling und Heidegger; Zeitlichkeitsanalyse der Hegelschen Logik: Zur Idee einer Phänomenologie des Ortes; Kire: Das "Schöne" in Japan; Nihon-tekina mono, Yōroppa-tekina mono (Things Japanese and things European); Nishida-tetsugaku no sekai (The world of Nishida philosophy); and Japan im interkulturellen Dialog; and is editor of such works as Kyōtogakuha no shisō (The thought of the Kyoto School) and Die Philosophie der Kyōto-Schule.
Akitomi Katsuya received his undergraduate and doctoral degrees from Kyoto University, and he studied at Munich University as a Humboldt Fellow. He is presently Professor at Kyoto Institute for Technology, President of the Nishida Philosophy Association, and Chairman of the Board of Directors at the Japanese-German Cultural Institute in Kyoto. In additional to numerous articles on Nishida Kitarō, Nishitani Keiji, and other figures in the Kyoto School, he is author of Geijutsu to gijutsu: Haideggā no toi (Art and Technology: Heidegger’s Question) and co-translator with Ōhashi Ryōsuke of Heidegger’s Beiträge zur Philosophie (Vom Ereignis).
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