- Copyright Page
- Introduction: What Is Japanese Philosophy?
- Prince Shōtoku’s <i>Constitution</i> and the Synthetic Nature of Japanese Thought
- Philosophical Implications of Shintō
- National Learning: Poetic Emotionalism and Nostalgic Nationalism
- Saichō’s Tendai: In the Middle of Form and Emptiness
- Kūkai’s Shingon: Embodiment of Emptiness
- Philosophical Dimensions of Shinran’s Pure Land Buddhist Path
- Modern Pure Land Thinkers: Kiyozawa Manshi and Soga Ryōjin
- The Philosophy of Zen Master Dōgen: Egoless Perspectivism
- Dōgen on the Language of Creative Textual Hermeneutics
- Rinzai Zen Kōan Training: Philosophical Intersections
- Modern Zen Thinkers: D. T. Suzuki, Hisamatsu Shin’ichi, and Masao Abe
- Japanese Neo-Confucian Philosophy
- Ancient Learning: The Japanese Revival of Classical Confucianism
- <i>Bushidō</i> and Philosophy: Parting the Clouds, Seeking the Way
- The Japanese Encounter with and Appropriation of Western Philosophy
- The Kyoto School: Transformations Over Three Generations
- The Development of Nishida Kitarō’s Philosophy: Pure Experience, Place, Action-Intuition
- Nishida Kitarō’s Philosophy: Self, World, and the Nothingness Underlying Distinctions
- The Place of God in the Philosophy of Tanabe Hajime
- Miki Kiyoshi: Marxism, Humanism, and the Power of Imagination
- Nishitani Keiji: Practicing Philosophy as a Matter of Life and Death
- Ueda ShizuteruThe Self That Is Not a Self in a Twofold World
- Watsuji Tetsurō: The Mutuality of Climate and Culture and an Ethics of Betweenness
- Kuki Shūzō: A Phenomenology of Fate and Chance and an Aesthetics of the Floating World
- Comparative Philosophy in Japan: Nakamura Hajime and Izutsu Toshihiko
- Japanese Christian Philosophies
- Yuasa Yasuo’s Philosophy of Self-Cultivation: A Theory of Embodiment
- Postwar Japanese Political Philosophy: Marxism, Liberalism, and the Quest for Autonomy
- Raichō: Zen and the Female Body in the Development of Japanese Feminist Philosophy
- Japanese Phenomenology
- The Komaba Quartet: A Landscape of Japanese Philosophy in the 1970s
- Philosophical Implications of the Japanese Language
- Natural Freedom: Human/Nature Nondualism in Zen and Japanese Thought
- Japanese Ethics
- Japanese (and Ainu) Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art
- The Controversial Cultural Identity of Japanese Philosophy
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter consists of three parts, each of which presents the philosophical contributions of an influential modern Japanese thinker closely affiliated with Rinzai Zen Buddhism: D. T. Suzuki (Jp. Suzuki Daisetsu), Hisamatsu Shin’ichi, and Masao Abe (Jp. Abe Masao). The first part focuses on the kernel of Suzuki’s “Zen thought,” namely the “logic of is/not” that he sees as underlying Zen koāns and teachings. The second part focuses on the key themes of Hisamatsu’s thought: his understanding of the “true self” in terms of a formless and thus completely unobjectifiable “absolute nothingness” and his claim that this true self is “absolute autonomous.” The third part provides an overview of Abe’s contributions to the philosophical analyses of Zen texts and teachings as well as to intrafaith (especially between Zen and Pure Land schools of Japanese Buddhism) and interfaith dialogue (especially between Mahayana Buddhism and Christianity).
Mori Tetsurō is Professor of Philosophy and Religion at Kyoto Sangyo University in Japan. After studying at Kyoto University in Japan and Tübingen University in Germany, he was an assistant to Ueda Shizuteru at Kyoto University for three years before taking a position at Kyoto Sangyo University in 1990. His research focuses on German Idealism, especially Schelling, on Zen Buddhism, and on modern Japanese philosophy, especially Nishida Kitarō and Nishitani Keiji. His publications include numerous articles, the edited volume Sekai-shi no riron: Kyōto-gakuha no rekishi tetsugaku ronkō [Theories of World History: The Kyoto School’s Treatises on the Philosophy of History] (Tōeisha, 2000), and the coedited volumes Keiken to kotoba [Experience and Language] (Daimyōdō, 1995) and Zen to Kyōto tetsugaku [Zen and Kyoto Philosophy] (Tōeisha, 2006).
Minobe Hitoshi is Professor at Meiji University in Tokyo, Japan. He received his PhD from Kyoto University with a dissertation on Fichte, after studying for two years in Wuppertal, Germany, on a DAAD scholarship. His research focusses on German Idealism and on the Kyoto School. He has published numerous articles in these areas, including “Shinichi Hisamatsu – Die Philosophie des Erwachens” (Synthesis Philosophica 19 : 161–193) and “Die Stellung des Seins bei Fichte, Schelling und Nishida” (Fichte-Studien 21 : 63–72), and he is the editor of Hisamatsu Shin’ichi’s Kaku no tetsugaku [Philosophy of Awakening] (Tōeisha, 2002).
Steven Heine is Professor of Religious Studies and History and Director of Asian Studies at Florida International University. Previously he taught religious traditions of East Asia at Pennsylvania State University. He has published more than two dozen books on Zen Buddhism and Japanese religions, including Existential and Ontological Dimensions of Time in Heidegger and Dōgen (1985), Dōgen and the Kōan Tradition (1994), Shifting Shape, Shaping Text (1999), The Kōan (2000), Opening a Mountain (2001), Did Dōgen Go To China? (2006), Zen Skin, Zen Marrow (2008), Sacred High City, Sacred Low City (2011), and Like Cats and Dogs (2013). In 2007 he received the Order of the Rising Sun award bestowed by the government of Japan for a lifetime of service to Japanese cultural studies.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.