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date: 15 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter is from the forthcoming The Oxford Handbook of Affective Computing edited by Rafael Calvo, Sidney K. D'Mello, Jonathan Gratch, and Arvid Kappas. Affective computing is bound up with ethics at multiple levels, from codes governing studies with human participants to debates about the proper relationship between ethical and emotional systems within an agent. Behind the debates lie ethical principles that are powerful but divergent. In some areas (e.g., data protection and research with human participants), explicit codes provide legal force. Elsewhere, they give rise to characteristic imperatives: to increase net positive affect, to avoid deception, to respect autonomy, to ensure that system’s competence is understood, and to provide morally acceptable portraits of people. There are also widely discussed concerns with less clear connections either to moral philosophy or to the real abilities of the technology, but they still need to be addressed.

Keywords: emotion, affective computing, ethics, ethical codes, moral philosophy

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