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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter presents a history of environmental ethics as a distinct academic field, from its early origins in the 1960s to recent, contemporary work. It focuses on the key movements and theories that have shaped—and continue to shape—the development of the field, while noting how these have changed and evolved over time. In addition, while tracing the history of these movements, the chapter attempts to present some of the central issues and topics that have garnered particular attention within the field. Finally, it closes with some tentative thoughts on promising paths for environmental ethicists to explore as our field continues to develop and mature.

Keywords: anthropocentrism, biocentrism, deep ecology, ecofeminism, holism, individualism, land ethic, pragmatism, virtue ethics

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