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date: 05 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Lutheran exegesis in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries took place in a wide variety of contexts. Lutherans viewed the canonical Scriptures as God’s Word in human form, although they also paid attention to the uniqueness of Scripture’s human authors and cultivated intensive biblical studies. The dogmatic exegesis of the period was motivated not just by polemics, but also especially by the desire to make salutary application of the biblical text to Christian faith and life in teaching, consolation, admonition, and warning. Lutherans made rich use also of the mystical sense of Scripture, finding Jesus Christ prophesied in Old Testament mysteries. Lutherans responded—with limited success—to many criticisms of Scripture’s authority, coming from within their own ranks, from Socinians, from Roman Catholics, and from new discoveries in science and philosophy. By the end of the eighteenth century, the orthodox Lutheran view of Scripture no longer prevailed in Europe.

Keywords: Lutheran, exegesis, Bible, Scripture, literal sense, mystical sense, Enlightenment, Pietism, Bible commentaries, doctrine

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