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date: 24 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The Moravian Church or Unitas Fratrum was founded in 1457 as a radical expression of the Czech Reformation’s attempt to revive the apostolic church. It was the first Western church to endorse the idea of the church as a voluntary body of believers who covenant to live according to the Sermon on the Mount, which they considered the Law of God. Moravian bishop and educational theorist John Amos Comenius was one of the leading advocates for ecumenism and pacifism in Europe during the seventeenth century. The Unitas Fratrum was almost completely destroyed during the religious wars of the seventeenth century but was revived as part of the German Pietist movement in the eighteenth century under the leadership of Count Zinzendorf. Zinzendorf placed greater emphasis on religious experience than doctrinal precision in the life of the church. The most prominent theologian influenced by Moravianism was Friedrich Schleiermacher.

Keywords: Jan Hus, Peter Chelčický, Czech Reformation, John Amos Comenius, Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf, Herrnhut, Theology of the Heart, Pietism, Orthopraxy, Unitas Fratrum

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