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date: 10 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Despite the central importance of satisfaction with one’s physical appearance to overall psychological well-being, very little research has investigated how body image is related to identity construction, a key developmental task for young people. This chapter discusses theories on body image that the authors believe have utility in studying the relation between body image and identity because they encompass both sociocultural norms about appearance and one’s self-perceptions and self-evaluations about the body. The authors then outline several factors that may be relevant to body image and identity formation including gender, biological factors, social group factors, and sociocultural factors. In the conclusion, the authors briefly highlight main points and offer some ideas for future research on this important and emerging area of inquiry.

Keywords: Body image, identity, theory, objectification, gender, muscularity, thin ideal, media, careers

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