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date: 19 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the science and folklore of Greek and Roman methods of weather prediction, dividing techniques into astrometeorological practices (those that looked at the motions of the stars and planets to predict the weather) and “Theophrastan” practices (those that looked at signs on earth or in the atmosphere, from the behavior of animals to the colors of clouds). It includes some discussion of how and when the ancients thought about the causal links between both kinds of signs and the ensuing weather, and discusses the uses of weather prediction in agriculture and seafaring, and its place in ancient didactic literature.

Keywords: science, astrometeorology, folklore, didactic literature, agriculture, seafaring, material culture, animals, Theophrastus

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