Abstract and Keywords
This article provides an overview of juvenile justice in Italy. It begins by charting the birth and evolution of the Italian juvenile justice system, from the establishment of juvenile courts in 1934 to the expansion of the administrative sector after 1956. It then turns to juvenile justice after the decentralization and reform of the country’s welfare system and the changes produced by the introduction of a new juvenile justice procedure after 1989. It also examines the penal code provisions relating to the arrest and detention of minors, with particular emphasis on judicial pardon, acquittal on the grounds of inability to understand and to form intent, dismissal on the grounds of the insignificance of the offense, suspension of the trial and imposition of a probation order, and custodial sentence. The article concludes with a discussion of some of the trends and patterns of youth crime in Italy.
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