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date: 15 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Lay adjudication is a widely discussed topic in the present-day debate on legal systems. Around the world, a large variety of types of lay adjudication exists. Almost all countries make use of lay people as judges, and many of them have several forms of lay adjudication. This article discusses three models of lay adjudication: the jury, mixed panels, and experts as judges. It elaborates on the issues of legitimacy and the question as to whether lay participation increases various aspects of democracy within the legal system. Advantages and drawbacks are discussed. The article ends with a tentative prospective into the future.

Keywords: lay adjudication, jury, mixed panel, expert judges, legitimacy, democracy

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