- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime
- Core Themes in the Study of White-Collar Crime
- The Roots and Variant Definitions of the Concept of “White-Collar Crime”
- Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Implications of Alternative Definitions of “White-Collar Crime”: “Trivializing the Lunatic Crime Rate”
- What Is Known and What Should Be Known About White-Collar Crime Victimization?
- The Costs of White-Collar Crime
- Who Commits White-Collar Crime, and What Do We Know About Them?
- White-Collar Criminals: Ethnographic Portraits of Their Identities and Decision Making
- The Pool of Potential White-Collar Criminals: Whence?
- Middle-Class Crime: Moral Economies Between Crime in the Streets and Crime in the Suites
- Gender Constructions
- Adolescent Precursors of White-Collar Crime
- White-Collar Criminal Participation and the Life Course
- Developmental Perspectives on White-Collar Criminality
- White-Collar Crimes of the Financial Crisis
- Organizational Political Economy and White-Collar Crime
- Economic Fluctuations and Crises
- Cultural Variation
- Criminal Decision Making in Organizational Contexts
- Opportunities for White-Collar Crime
- Employee Theft
- Criminogenic Organizational Properties and Dynamics
- Organizational Self-Restraint
- Oversight and Rule Making as Political Conflict
- Regulation: From Traditional to Cooperative
- Comparing Assumptions Underlying Regulatory Inspection Strategies: Implications for Oversight Policy
- The Credibility of Oversight and Aggregate Rates of White-Collar Crime
- Investigating and Prosecuting White-Collar Criminals
- Sentencing Respectable Offenders
- Effects on White-Collar Defendants of Criminal Justice Attention and Sanctions
- White-Collar Crime and Perceptual Deterrence
- The Practical Challenges of Responding to Corporate Crime
- Public Opinion and Public Policy on White-Collar Crime
Abstract and Keywords
Although scholars have proposed various models to explain white-collar crime, few have explored how the credibility of oversight may affect the aggregate rates of white-collar crime. This chapter attempts to address this relationship by focusing on fraud as a broad category of white-collar crime. The credibility of oversight has been measured by legislative reforms regarding white-collar crime and enhanced oversight programs jointly implemented by law enforcement agencies and other related public and private organizations. Using data retrieved from Uniform Crime Reports from Statistics Canada and the victimization reports from the Canada Anti-Fraud Center, the results show that the enhanced credibility of oversight may be associated with the downward trends in fraud in the long term. However, due to the limited scope of data, these results should be interpreted with cautions. A suggested agenda for future studies is provided.
Wei Wang, MS, is a PhD candidate in the School of Criminology at Simon Fraser University.
Hongming Cheng, PhD, is Associate Professor of Sociology (Law, Crime, and Justice) at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada.
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