Abstract and Keywords
The Diachronic Electronic Corpus of Tyneside English (DECTE) is the product of two earlier corpora: the Newcastle Electronic Corpus of Tyneside English (NECTE) and a monitor sub-corpus, the Newcastle Electronic Corpus of Tyneside English 2 (NECTE2). Both corpora record synchronic generational differences as well as diachronic communal change in North-East England. Researchers on NECTE transformed sound-data collected in the 1960s–1970s and in 1991–1994 into an electronic resource that conformed to the latest standards for encoding text. DECTE is a constituent element in a collaborative programme called the “Enhanced Repository for Language and Literature Researchers” (ENROLLER), completed in 2011 and linking it to documents such as the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), the Historical Thesaurus of the OED, and the SCOTS Corpus. This article explores how DECTE and its constituents capture both residualisms from earlier periods of English as well as local innovations. It focuses on variants of the GOAT vowel, which is of interest not only for the historical phonology of the English language but also with respect to regional and social variation in Modern English.
Keywords: English, Diachronic Electronic Corpus, Tyneside, Newcastle Electronic Corpus, England, Enhanced Repository, GOAT vowel, phonology, Modern English, Oxford English Dictionary, evidence, linguistics
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