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date: 16 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Often overlooked by both classical archaeologists and Egyptologists, sculpture in Roman Egypt is a subject that offers scope for much further research. A striking diversity of forms, materials, and styles was employed throughout the country, not only in Alexandria, where much of the scholarly focus has been placed, but also in other cities and towns. Stone statues in imported marble and indigenous granite and limestone include imperial and private portraits, both honorific and funerary, as well as images of gods, several documented through archaeology; significant bronze sculpture also survives. In addition, the wealth of artworks that represent or refer to statues—from mummy portraits and shrouds to terracottas and lamps—indicates the extent to which sculpture informed visual experience and helped shape social relations, exchange, and religious practice, both within Roman Egypt and between Egypt and the rest of the empire.

Keywords: honorific statues, divine statues, funerary art, marble, porphyry, limestone, bronze, terracottas, representation of statues, Alexandria, Ras el-Soda, Luxor, Oxyrhynchus

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