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date: 14 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter addresses the state of research on sculpture from the Roman provinces of North Africa—Mauretania, Africa Proconsularis, and Tripolitania—in the imperial period. In this region, an important dichotomy exists between official, decorative sculpture—mostly in the round and imported—and local votive and funerary reliefs, which are partially influenced by it. After a discussion of local and imported materials, workshops, and production, the chapter surveys sculpture of Graeco-Roman style and material (cult, votive, and other religious statues; mythological sculptures from public and domestic contexts, monumental reliefs, and portraits, both imperial and private); sarcophagi; and local votive and funerary reliefs. As in other regions of the empire, North Africa in the fifth century witnessed a demise in the role of three-dimensional statuary, concomitant with new uses of architectural sculpture for churches.

Keywords: North Africa, Mauretania, Africa Proconsularis, Tripolitania, Roman workshops, Attic workshops, limestone, stucco

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