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date: 18 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The earliest-known portraits and ideal statues in Republican Rome are associated with sacred locales and fora. By the imperial period, ideal statues and portraits of imperial family members and local elites adorned architectural monuments built throughout the Roman empire. From theaters to baths to monumental fountains, many of these edifices developed multistory aediculated façades for statuary display. In each architectural setting, local and imperial traditions contextualized and nuanced the statuary display of ideal and portrait statues, which followed basic rules of decorum to express the architectural function of the space and the social expectations of the patron and community. The concept of decorum, however, may have fluctuated over time and geography.

Keywords: honorific sculpture, ideal statues, fountains, baths, fora, theaters, gates, sanctuaries, decorum

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