Abstract and Keywords
Ancient Roman portrait statues and reliefs survive in enormous quantity. Nearly every region of the ancient empire produced such representations of individuals, in a variety of local idioms. The functions of these portraits ranged from the deeply personal to the broadly public, and they served goals as diverse as commemorating the dead, recognizing the generosity of an elite patron, or displaying loyalty to the emperor. Scholarship on these works must address identification of the portraits’ subjects, to the extent that it is possible, and consideration of their original contexts. Additional concerns in recent scholarship include analysis of social context, study of the appropriation and recutting of portraits in antiquity, and the application of new technologies to the study and preservation of this material.
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