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date: 14 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Roman terracotta figurines and statuettes were mass-produced in the Republic and later throughout the empire. Most workshops also manufactured other pottery products. The technical process was simplified, and the forms became less naturalistic and more stylized over the years. The types depict deities, mortals, animals, objects, and masks, and are related to fertility, good health, and the protective sphere. Terracottas were used as votives in shrines, as grave offerings, and in houses. As cheap and common objects, they serve largely as reflections of the feeling and beliefs of the lower classes in Roman society and stand for underrepresented groups such as women, children, and the poor.

Keywords: terracotta, clay, coroplast, mold, mass-production, figurine, mask, cult, votive, deposit, deities, fertility, apotropaic

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