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date: 28 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses Ibn Abī Jumhūr al-Aḥsāʾī (d. after 906/1501), the first Imāmī scholar to amalgamate, in his magnum opus, KitābMujlī mirʾāt al-munjī fī l-kalām wa-l-ḥikmatayn wa-l-taṣawwuf, Muʿtazilite and Ashʿarite kalām, Peripatetic and Illuminationist philosophy, and philosophical mysticism. Ibn Abī Jumhūr’s work—an autocommentary on the Kitāb al-Nūr al-munjī min al-ẓalām, which in turn was a commentary on the author’s Kitāb Maslak—was written at a later stage of the author’s life. Among later thinkers, it was in particular Shaykh Aḥmad al-Aḥsāʾī (d. 1241/1826) who quotes the Mujlī extensively. The author employs ideas originating with the Peripatetic and Illuminationist traditions, philosophical mysticism, and kalām throughout, and the chapter discusses the ways in which the work relates to Ibn Abī Jumhūr’s thought as expressed in his earlier works as well as in his commentary on al-ʿAllāma al-Ḥillī’s al-Bāb al-ḥādī ʿashar, which he composed after the completion of the Mujlī.

Keywords: Ibn Abī Jumhūr al-Aḥsāʾī, Illuminationist philosophy, Peripatetic philosophy, philosophical mysticism, Muʿtazilite kalām, al-Aḥsāʾī, Mashhad, Twelver Shīʿism, Imāmism

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