Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the effects and mediators of childhood poverty, with particular emphasis on the confluence of forces that gave rise to these foci and perspectives. It first considers macroeconomic trends as a context for the study of childhood poverty in the United States, followed by a review of developments that directed attention to the dynamics and context of childhood poverty as research topics, along with a summary of the findings generated by this research. It then discusses perspectives that have emerged about processes that mediate links between poverty and child development, including the social causation and social selection perspectives, as well as the applicability of these perspectives for understanding the effects of poverty on children living in developing countries. Finally, it assesses the role of poverty in maternal and child mental health and the influence of parenting practices and investments on child development.
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