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date: 28 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Children with chronic illnesses often experience sleep problems as a result of disease symptoms (e.g., itching, wheezing) or nighttime disease management (e.g., blood glucose monitoring). Poor sleep has negative implications for daytime functioning, including academic performance and quality of life. As asthma and allergic diseases (e.g., allergic rhinitis) are the most common chronic diseases in childhood, associations between sleep and these chronic conditions are of particular concern for researchers and health care providers. Disease-specific factors associated with asthma and allergic disease (e.g., severity, treatment adherence), as well as factors associated with cultural background and the family context (e.g., urban poverty, sleep practices, caregiver functioning) can affect child sleep patterns. Given the consequences of poor sleep on child functioning, clinical recommendations and interventions for children with asthma and allergic disease should focus not only on disease management, but also on family and environmental factors that may impact child sleep.

Keywords: chronic illness, allergic rhinitis, asthma, pathophysiology, adherence, culture, family context, sociocontextual factors

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