Abstract and Keywords
Islam, which means active surrender and submission to God, emphasizes both beliefs and practices based on the two primary sources of Islam: the Qur’an and Sunna. Muslims across America base their religious practices on the same requirements gleaned from scripture and tradition. Although they represent many different races and cultures and even many different interpretations of Islam, they follow the same basic expectations in terms of affirming the oneness of God and the Prophethood of Muhammad (shahada), prayer (salat, duʿa), fasting (saum), almsgiving (zakat), and pilgrimage (hajj), as well as other prescribed acts of worship. For some Muslims, the details by which they implement these expectations reflect the cultures from which they have originated, while others are focused on understanding how traditional practices of the faith can find their expression in the new culture of America. Such efforts represent nothing new for Muslims, whose practices always have differed slightly in different places according to the conditions of time and place. The main features of Islamic beliefs in particular and Islamic practices in general are constant and remain the same across the many cultures and traditions that represent American Islam.
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