Abstract and Keywords
Culture and climate focus on the broad social context of organizations. Culture and climate were originally conceptualized as gestalt constructs from which employees perceive, make sense of, and derive meaning from the context. However, recent quantitative approaches to the study of culture and climate have typically focused on the constituent parts by examining independent dimensions, rather than attempting to capture a unitary whole. This chapter elucidates how a configural approach can be utilized to examine culture and climate as broad multidimensional contextual variables. Configurations represent a bundle of variables considered together and incorporate the interdependencies and interactions among the variables. The configural approach allows for examining multiple culture or climate dimensions or aspects simultaneously as a gestalt or molar system as well as examining the role each dimension plays in the system. The reasons why a configural approach is useful and basic procedures for conducting configural analyses are discussed.
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