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date: 12 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores Christianity and ecology in Latin America by charting the religious beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church and liberation theologians, ecofeminist movements, and Protestant faith traditions (emphasizing evangelical and Pentecostal Protestantism). In each case, religious symbols, theologies, rituals, and movements are analyzed as they relate to the nonhuman world. The chapter begins with initial contact between Roman Catholicism and indigenous religions and the consequences for the environment. The ecotheology emerging from liberation theology is explored as well as Pope Francis’s encyclical Laudato Si (Praise be to you): On Care for our Common Home. Environmental movements and activism rooted in both Catholic and Protestant beliefs are also explored.

Keywords: liberation theology, Pope Francis, Laudato Si, ecofeminism, Yvone Gebara, Leonardo Boff, Dominion ecotheology, Latin America, environmental movement, Virgin of Guadalupe

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