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date: 10 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Latin American millenarian movements, rooted in the Christian expectation of Jesus’ thousand-year kingdom, creatively integrated Catholic folklore and apocalyptics with indigenous concepts of dualism and cyclic regeneration. Hopes for spiritual revitalization in indigenous communities, religious renewal among peasant groups, and ecclesiastical autonomy among dissident parties inspired rebellion when the colonial and post-colonial governments created intolerable social and religious conditions for disenfranchised peoples. This chapter analyzes religious movements whose regional expressions dramatized their beliefs in the returning priest-king among the Maya, visions of the Virgin Mary in Mexico, the restoration of Inca rule among Andeans, and a triumphant messianic kingship for Brazilians.

Keywords: millenarian, messianic, eschatological, apocalyptic, End Times, Sebastião, Canudos, prophecies, Virgin Mary

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