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date: 09 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

It often is assumed that Catholicism in Mexico prior to independence was a corporate matter, whereas afterward it became an increasingly individual affair. When scholars have explored collective expressions of modern religious culture, they typically have focused on indigenous brotherhoods in rural communities. The present chapter, in contrast, offers a comprehensive picture of the full spectrum of associations, devotional organizations, and sodalities and the religious practices they championed. Simultaneously, the clergy and the laity, as well as urban and rural Catholics, labored to infuse the faith with meaning in a modernizing society. It was at times a dynamic fraught with tension, and considerable change occurred, but Mexican Catholics of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries remained fully committed to collective religious expression. Of particular importance, not surprisingly, were also the gender dynamics of institution building and devotion.

Keywords: priest, parishioner, religion and modernity, Catholic reformism, image-centered devotion, cofradía, mayordomía, sacramental frequency, indigenous Catholicism, Catholic Resurgence

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