- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration
- The Racialization of Latinos in the United States
- Race and Crime in American Politics: From Law and Order to Willie Horton and Beyond
- Race, Crime, and Public Opinion
- Racial and Ethnic Patterns in Criminality and Victimization
- Race, Crime, and Policing
- Racial Disparities in Prosecution, Sentencing, and Punishment
- Race and Drugs
- Case Study: Living the Drama—Community, Conflict, and Culture among Inner-City Boys
- Case Study: African-American Girls, Urban Inequality, and Gendered Violence
- Race, Crime, and Criminal Justice in Canada
- Ethnicities, Racism, and Crime in England and Wales
- Indigenous People and Sentencing Courts in Australia, New Zealand, and Canada
- Colonial Processes, Indigenous Peoples, and Criminal Justice Systems
- Case Study: Black Cannabis Dealers in a White Welfare State Race, Politics, and Street Capital in Norway
- Case Study: Black Homicide Victimization in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
- The Politics of Immigration and Crime
- Traffickers? Terrorists? Smugglers? Immigrants in the United States and International Crime Before World War II
- Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration in the United States Crimes By and Against Immigrants
- Immigration and Crime in U.S. Communities: Charting Some Promising New Directions in Research
- Immigrants and Their Children: Evidence on Generational Differences in Crime
- Latino/Hispanic Immigration and Crime
- Case Study: Criminalizing Settlement: The Politics of Immigration in the American South
- The Law of Immigration and Crime
- Searching (With Minimal Success) for Links Between Immigration and Imprisonment
- Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration in France
- The Convergence of Control: Immigration and Crime in Contemporary Japan
- Ethnicity, Migration, and Crime in the Netherlands
- Immigration, Crime, and Criminalization in Italy
- Case Study: Sentencing Violent Juvenile Offenders in Color Blind France: Does Ethnicity Matter?
- Case Study: Lost and Found Christianity, Conversion, and Gang Disaffiliation in Guatemala
- Case Study: Immigration, Social Exclusion, and Informal Economies: Muslim Immigrants in Frankfurt
Abstract and Keywords
Race and ethnicity are important political issues in France but not important research issues. Even liberals concerned about inequality disagree about the need to study the subject and are reluctant to use racial or ethnic data. Many politicians say they are proud that France ignores matters of race and ethnicity. Whether and to what extent ethnicity is associated with sanctioning for serious crimes by juveniles was investigated in two juvenile courts, in two jurisdictions, over more than 20 years (1984–2005). Logistic regressions were carried out for violent crimes for which juveniles were indicted (“all violent crimes”) and subsequently for two subsets: “nonlethal and nonsexual violence” (acquisitive or not) and “sexual violence” (sexual assaults and rapes). Massive and systematic discrimination based on ethnicity was not found for the overall sample or for the subsamples. The best predictors of severity were the type of crime for which the defendant was indicted and his criminal history. However, there were traces of sentencing discrimination. In one jurisdiction, especially for sexual crimes, race explained a share of sentencing severity.
Sebastian Roché is senior research fellow at the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), and director of the "Security and Cohesion" department at the PATCE (Centre de Recherche sur le Politique, l'Administration, le ville et la territoire) and of Sciences Po (Institute of Political Science), University of Grenoble, France.
Mirta B. Gordon is emeritus research scientist from CNRS, at the Laboratoire d'Informatique de Grenoble (LIG), France.
Marie-Aude Depuiset, PhD in social psychology, is research assistant at LIG & PACTE.
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