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date: 04 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

From the stunning upset victory of Lakota runner Billy Mills at the 1964 Olympics to the emergence of Native American filmmaking and the rise of tribal casino economies, the last four decades of the twentieth century witnessed unprecedented changes to the lives of Native individuals and communities. The many positive developments, however, exist alongside chronic and persistent social, health, and economic problems that continue to leave Native Americans behind others in the United States. Indeed, the cruel irony of increased opportunity has been the parallel erosion of Native cultural and political life in the face of the onslaught of modern life.

Keywords: National Indian Youth Council, National Congress of American Indians, Alcatraz, American Indian Movement, self-determination, Trail of Broken Treaties, Wounded Knee Occupation, American Indian Policy Review Commission, American Indian Gaming Regulatory Ac

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