Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 10 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter surveys the history of Plains Indians from the 1400s to the present, focusing on the period from the acquisition of the horse in the mid-1700s through the early reservation period in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The chapter emphasizes Indians’ spiritual and material relationships to the land, focusing on equestrian tribes who depended on buffalo hunting, as well as village tribes who developed a mixed economy of horticulture and hunting. The chapter also explores the uneven impact of settler expansion on Plains tribes, analyzing disease, commerce, the destruction of material resources, intertribal warfare, and settler violence, as well as describing conditions on reservations. Plains Indians pursued various strategies to survive the challenges of colonialism, including accommodation, militant resistance, and the Ghost Dance. The chapter concludes with an overview of historical writing on the Plains and a description of primary resources available for further study.

Keywords: Plains, horse, horticulture, buffalo, violence, warfare, reservations, Ghost Dance, colonialism

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.