- List of Contributors
- What Is Apocalyptic Literature?
- Apocalyptic Prophecy
- The Inheritance of Prophecy in Apocalypse
- Wisdom and Apocalypticism
- Scriptural Interpretation in Early Jewish Apocalypses
- Apocalyptic Literature and the Study of Early Jewish Mysticism
- Dreams and Visions in Early Jewish and Early Christian Apocalypses and Apocalypticism
- Social-Scientific Approaches to Apocalyptic Literature
- Jewish Apocalyptic Literature as Resistance Literature
- Apocalypse and Empire
- A Postcolonial Reading of Apocalyptic Literature
- The Rhetoric of Jewish Apocalyptic Literature
- Early Christian Apocalyptic Rhetoric
- Deconstructing Apocalyptic Literalist Allegory
- Apocalyptic Determinism
- Apocalyptic Dualism
- Apocalyptic Ethics and Behavior
- Apocalypse and Torah in Ancient Judaism
- Apocalypticism and Christian Origins
- Descents to Hell and Ascents to Heaven in Apocalyptic Literature
- Apocalypses among Gnostics and Manichaeans
- The Imagined World of the Apocalypses
- Messianism as a Political Power in Contemporary Judaism
- Apocalypticism and Radicalism
- Apocalypse and Violence
- Apocalypticism in Contemporary Christianity
- Apocalypse and Trauma
- Apocalypticism and Popular Culture
- Scriptural and Ancient Texts
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
Believers may appropriate apocalyptic texts to justify committing violence, whether in the name of God, empire-building, or revolution. The radical dualism of apocalypticism predisposes believers to subject themselves to violence and/or carry out violence. This chapter examines the relationship between apocalyptic literature and violence. It considers violent themes in the book of Revelation, the Qur’an, early Islam, and Christian Dispensationalism. It also discusses the dynamics of millennial groups involved in violence and their use of apocalyptic texts, including the Münster Anabaptists in Germany, the Branch Davidians, National Socialism, and the international Jihadist movement.
Catherine Wessinger is the Rev. H. James Yamauchi, S.J. Professor of the History of Religions at Loyola University of New Orleans. Her books include How the Millennium Comes Violently: From Jonestown to Heaven’s Gate. She is editor of The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism. She has published a number of books and articles on the Branch Davidians.
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