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date: 02 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines two distinct types of Jewish messianism that emerged in Orthodox Judaism as a response to Zionism. It compares two different views that were developed in Orthodox thinking by Rabbi Yoel Teitelbaum and Zvi Yehuda Kook, the Satmar Rebbe and the head of Merkaz Harav Yeshiva. It considers the Satmar Rebbe and Kook’s analysis of Zionist success through a comparison to the end-of-days scenario. Kook led the Gush Emunim movement, while Yoel Teitelbaum ordered his followers to distance themselves from Zionist influences. The chapter explores how the two rabbis interpreted the signs of the time that offered clues about their political activities. It also discusses apocalyptic redemption and naturalistic redemption.

Keywords: messianism, Orthodox Judaism, Zionism, Yoel Teitelbaum, Zvi Yehuda Kook, Satmar Rebbe, Merkaz Harav Yeshiva, end of days, apocalyptic redemption, naturalistic redemption

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