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date: 05 July 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Taiwan Sign Language (TSL) is the language naturally developed and used by deaf persons in Taiwan. This chapter traces the history of the language as based on Japanese Sign Language with some lexical items borrowed from Chinese Sign Language. The analysis of the structure of TSL focuses on phonology (including the constituting elements of the signs—handshape, movement, location, and orientation, and phonological alternation), morphology (including serial noun compounding and parallel noun compounding), and basic syntax (including word order with three types of verbs—plain verbs, agreement verbs, and spatial verbs, classifiers, and some of the important grammaticalized facial expressions for modals, negation, and question). Also addressed briefly is the adaptation of TSL in the environment of Mandarin Chinese and deaf education.

Keywords: Taiwan Sign Language, classifiers, history, structure, facial expressions, Mandarin Chinese, adaptation, deaf education

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