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date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Science fiction often speculates on the posthuman future. Whether imagined in biological, technological, or cultural terms, the posthuman represents a radical difference from the norms of human thought and human embodiment. This chapter considers the function of posthumanism in science fiction. It shows that the discourse of science fiction frequently represents the posthuman as an effect of science fiction itself. The chapter also shows the extent to which real-life advocates of human enhancement and directed evolution, including scientists and futurologists associated with the cryonics movement and the concept of technological Singularity, address science fiction’s role in producing the posthuman future.

Keywords: posthumanism, science fiction, cryonics, technological Singularity, human enhancement, directed evolution, futurology

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