Abstract and Keywords
This chapter outlines the relationship between science and science fiction and explores how it has changed over the genre’s history. Although SF has been seen as a popularization of scientific culture, exchanges between the two are more complex and dialectical. The genre plays a role in shaping public understandings of science and serving as inspiration for new inventions, but it also offers a vision of the consequences of changes in science and technology on a full social world, a perspective often lacking in isolated laboratory research. Thus, SF functions like the work of science and technology studies in their vision of science shaped by culture. Such parallels are explored drawing on STS scholars such as Steven Shapin, Evelyn Fox Keller, Bruno Latour, and Vandana Shiva; analyzing fiction by Kim Stanley Robinson, Gwyneth Jones, Paolo Bacigalupi, and Neal Stephenson.
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