- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- Doing Crime as Doing Gender?: Masculinities, Femininities, and Crime
- Intersectionality and the Study of Sex, Gender, and Crime
- Sexual Violence
- Back to Basics: Gender and the Social Psychology of Aggression
- Feminist Criminologies’ Contribution to Understandings of Sex, Gender, and Crime
- Explaining the Volte-Face: Turning Away from Criminal Law and Returning to the Quest for Gender Equality
- Long-Term Trends in Female and Male Involvement in Crime
- A Historical Perspective on Criminal Justice Responses to Female and Male Offending
- Gender, Sex, and Intimate-Partner Violence in Historical Perspective
- Masculinities and Crime in Historical Perspective
- Sexual Violence in Historical Perspective
- Crimes Related to Sexuality and Reproduction
- Evolutionary Perspectives on Sex, Gender, and Crime
- Biological Perspectives on Sex Differences in Crime and Antisocial Behavior
- Developmental Perspectives: Sex Differences in Antisocial Behavior from Childhood to Adulthood
- Adolescent Crime and Victimization: Sex and Gender Differences, Similarities, and Emerging Intersections
- Gender and Offending in a Life Course Context
- Intimate-Partner Violence
- Violence Against Children in Families
- Violence Against Sexual and Gender Minorities
- Sex, Gender, and Homicide: Contemporary Trends and Patterns
- Organized Crime: The Gender Constraints of Illegal Markets
- Street Gangs: The Gendered Experiences of Female and Male Gang Members
- White-Collar and Corporate Crime
- Sex Work, Gender, and Criminal Justice
- Complicating the Immigration–Crime Nexus: Theorizing the Role of Gender in the Relationship Between Immigration and Crime
- The Benefits and Penalties of Gender for Criminal Justice Processing Outcomes Among Adults and Juveniles
- Sex, Gender, and Imprisonment: Rates, Reforms, and Lived Realities
- Media, Gender, Sex, and Crime
- Empirical Vacuum: In Search of Research on Human Trafficking
- The Legal Regulation of Sex and Sexuality
- Honor Killings
- Beyond Rape: Reconceptualizing Gender-Based Violence During Warfare
- State Rape and the Crime of Genocide
Abstract and Keywords
How does the onset, course, and development of antisocial behavior from childhood to adulthood differ between males and females? This essay reviews and synthesizes evidence from numerous developmentally informative studies. Taken together, these studies suggest that (a) males engage in more frequent, diverse, and severe antisocial behavior across all ages; (b) sex differences in both social (parental socialization, monitoring, peer disapproval of aggression) and neurodevelopmental factors (impulse control, emotion regulation, and perspective-taking abilities) appear to play a role in fostering these sex differences in antisocial behavior; and (c) although fewer females engage in antisocial behavior, females’ antisocial trajectories appear to be more similar to males’ than they are different. The essay concludes by summarizing these findings and highlighting important areas for future research.
Michael Russell is a PhD candidate in Psychology at the University of California, Irvine.
Summer Robins is a PhD candidate in Psychology at the University of California, Irvine.
Candice Odgers is Associate Professor of Public Policy and Psychology and Neuroscience and Associate Director of the Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke University.
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