Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 27 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Although developmental scientists have acknowledged the importance of early-appearing, relatively stable, biologically rooted individual differences in the behavior of infants and children for nearly 100 years, advances continue to be made in the measurement of temperament. A fundamental challenge in this endeavor concerns the difficulty of assessing the same underlying constructs in persons of different ages because the behaviors that indicate a given trait may change over the life span. Questionnaires and interviews, particularly with parents, are frequently used and can efficiently provide deep and broad information on child behavior, but concerns have been raised regarding bias in reporting. Structured observations allow observation of specific behaviors of individuals in standardized situations, but are often brief and artificial. This chapter describes and critiques the various methodologies used to assess multiple aspects of reactivity and regulation in infants and children and recommends new directions for temperament measurement.

Keywords: temperament, personality, individual differences, measurement, assessment, psychometrics, evaluation, questionnaires, infant, child

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.