Abstract and Keywords
The philosophy/theory of dialectical pluralism (DP) is first summarized. Ontologically, DP views reality as plural and changing. Epistemologically, DP follows a dialectical, dialogical, hermeneutical approach which includes listening, interacting, and learning from “the other.” Theoretically, DP is inspired by and integrates multiple theoretical concepts especially from the works of John Rawls, John Dewey, and Jürgen Habermas (Johnson, 2012, 2011a). From empirical research, the authors of this chapter draw on concepts and findings from social psychological literatures such as conflict management, negotiation, small group psychology, group counseling, group dynamics, political diplomacy, deliberative democracy, and workplace justice. DP recommends purposeful construction of teams that include multiple/different values and perspectives and stakeholders from the most disadvantaged affected groups. The group process operates from the position of equal power, the use of social psychological strategies (discussed in depth in this chapter), and working toward win-win solutions.
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