Abstract and Keywords
Every counseling encounter is intrinsically influenced by dynamics associated with race and diversity. To better serve multicultural individuals, counselors must be cognizant of the social inequities, power differences, and dynamics that impact racial and ethnic groups and their multicultural identities. With a focus on counseling for social justice, thechapter explores multiculturalism in the counseling profession, multicultural counseling competencies, multicultural counseling skills and practices, and multicultural counseling in educational and community settings. Multicultural counseling competencies and skills are highlighted, with special emphasis placed in the counselor’s self-awareness, worldview, and racial identity. Counseling practice using ecological assessments and advocacy is also emphasized. Specific multicultural counseling skills are presented through the culturally based Skills Identification Stage model. Additionally, indigenous and interdependent approaches for multicultural counseling are offered. Samples of multicultural counseling educational and community interventions are also presented. Future directions for practice, training, and research are discussed.
Keywords: multicultural counseling, counseling for social justice, counselor’s racial identity, white privilege, ecological assessment, skills identification stage model, indigenous healing, collectivistic coping
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