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date: 11 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article pinpoints a specific movement within the broad spectrum of music technology to identify a musical and instrument-building tradition concerned with gesture. This area of research and creative practice, often labeled NIME after the international conference series New Interfaces for Musical Expression, goes beyond enhancing traditional instrument performance practice to looking at new paradigms for instrumental performance. This article focuses on musically driven efforts to exploit analog and digital technologies to capture musical gesture and afford new forms of sonic articulation and musical expression. It retraces the history of music technology in the twentieth century that led up to the founding of NIME and introduces composers and performers who have established a performance practice on interactive, sensor-based musical instruments. Finally, it finishes by indicating current directions in the field, including the musical exploitation of biometric signals and location-tracking technologies.

Keywords: music technology, musical expression, instrumental performance, digital technologies, sensor-based musical instruments

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