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date: 18 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Approximately 26% of postpartum women meet diagnostic criteria for a psychiatric disorder. Untreated psychopathology in the postpartum period is associated with a range of adverse outcomes for both infant and mother. Fortunately, the perinatal period provides an opportune time to intervene with and prevent postpartum psychopathology. Women have increased contact with health care providers during this time, providing an avenue through which access to prevention can be improved. Furthermore, with increased knowledge to identify high-risk women, preventive interventions can be delivered to assist both the woman and infant. Preventive efforts for postpartum psychopathology are aimed at modifying risk factors or protective factors to prevent the psychiatric disorder and primarily use three distinct approaches: universal, selective, and indicated. This chapter provides a review of the empirical research in the prevention of postpartum psychopathologies including postpartum depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, psychosis, and addictions (tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs).

Keywords: Postpartum, psychopathology, infant, birth outcomes, prevention, intervention, depression, anxiety, addictions

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