Abstract and Keywords
In this chapter, I review the research investigating the effects of welfare and employment policies on children's circumstances and development. A rich body of research comprises random assignment experiments testing policy variations as well as longitudinal investigations spanning the period of policy change before and after 1996. Both experimental tests and longitudinal studies indicate that, on average, parents’ transitions from welfare into employment produced little change in overall family income and little discernible effect on children's cognitive or social development or on the immediate family environment, but nuanced assessments indicate that effects on children's well-being vary depending on the features of the policies in place. The goal of this chapter is to illuminate how such policy variations matter for children's well-being. I conclude by discussing important welfare-to-work policy lessons.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.