- Consulting Editors
- Introduction: State and Local Government Finance in The United States
- The Constitutional Frameworks of State and Local Government Finance
- Federalism Trends, Tensions, and Outlook
- State and Local Government Finance: Why It Matters
- State and Local Governments and The National Economy
- The Evolving Financial Architecture of State And Local Governments
- Profiles of Local Government Finance
- Federal Preemption of Revenue Autonomy
- State Intergovernmental Grant Programs
- State and Local Fiscal Institutions in Recession and Recovery
- Real Property Tax
- State Personal Income Taxes
- State Corporate Income Taxes
- Entity Taxation of Business Enterprises
- Implications Of a Federal Value-Added Tax for State and Local Governments
- Retail Sales and use Taxation
- Local Revenue Diversification: User Charges, Sales Taxes, and Income Taxes
- State Tax Administration: Seven Problems in Search of a Solution
- Revenue Estimation
- Providing and Financing K–12 Education
- The Social Safety Net, Health Care, and the Great Recession
- Transportation Finance
- Housing Policy: The Evolving Subnational Role
- Capital Budgeting and Spending
- Financial Markets and State and Local Governments
- Infrastructure Privatization in The New Millennium
- Financial Emergencies: Default and Bankruptcy
- Government Financial-Reporting Standards: Reviewing the Past and Present, Anticipating the Future
- Pullback Management: State Budgeting Under Fiscal Stress
- Public Employee Pensions and Investments
- Accomplishing State Budget Policy and Process Reforms
- Fiscal Austerity and the Future of Federalism
- Achieving Fiscal Sustainability for State and Local Governments
- The Intergovernmental Grant System
- Community Associations at Middle Age: Considering the Options
Abstract and Keywords
Safety net programs are those that assist people who have great difficulty in meeting basic needs such as food, clothing, shelter, and medical care, and those who have been unable to find work. These difficulties can result from age, illness, or disability, or they can be caused by events such as economic recession or natural disasters. The scope is huge as are the dollars involved. Overall, in 2008, federal, state, and local government spending on safety net programs (other than Social Security and Medicare) amounted to almost $700 billion, which equaled nearly 5 percent of the United States' GDP. Two out of three dollars of this total were financed by the federal government, while the remaining one-third ($235 billion) was supported by state and local government revenues.
Thomas Gais is Director of the Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government at the University at Albany, State University of New York.
Donald Boyd is a Senior Fellow in the Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government at the University at Albany, State University of New York.
Lucy Dadayan is a Senior Policy Analyst in the Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government at the University at Albany, State University of New York.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.