Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 11 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

After distinguishing propaganda as a pedagogical practice with roots in religious proselytizing from agitation as directed at immediate mobilization, this article discusses the militantly atheistic Bolshevik propaganda films made during the Russian Civil War. These films, one of which was made by filmmakers Dziga Vertov and Lev Kuleshov, depicted the forcible exposure of the relics of Russian Orthodox saints, whose remains were held by the faithful to be incorruptible. This article argues that the desire of film propagandists to demonstrate both the truth and the persuasiveness of their lesson led them to fabricate a representation of spectator response, through the montage device later called the “Kuleshov Effect,” that ironically commits the visual falsification of which the Bolsheviks accused Orthodox clerics.

Keywords: Dziga Vertov, Lev Kuleshov, Kuleshov Effect, propaganda, agitation, militant atheism, Russian Orthodoxy, Russian Civil War, montage (cinema), Bolshevism

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.